Error spotting


When Use Of Articles :

Example 1

It takes me a hour to reach the temple.ans: an hour

- words beginning with ‘h’ such as:

- hour, honour, honest, heir historical (adjective) are considered silent, so the vowel following it takes ‘an’ for the article.
- hence an hour, an heir, an honour etc.

Example 2

An European visited in India.ans: A European

- when ‘u’ or ‘eu’ takes a ‘u’ or ‘you’ pronunciation (‘y’ is a consonant) so the article ‘a’ should be used.
- hence a European, a university, a union, a unit, etc.

Example 3

Game came to an end soon.ans: The game

- we are talking about a particular game.

Example 4

Rich should help poor.ans: The rich ... the poor

- rich / poor represent the people representations use ‘the’

Errors In Using Prepositions:

Example 1

Divide this apple amoung Robert and David.ans: between

- amoung (to be used for more than two)

Example 2

Divide this apple between the girls.ans: amoung

- between (to be used for only two)

Example 3

I go to school on bus / on bikeans: by (for vehicles)

- use ‘on foot’ to mean ‘we walk’ to school.

Example 3

She aims to do well in the exams.ans: use aim ‘at’

- She aims at doing well in the exams.

Example 4

The patient is now free of danger.ans: free from

- use free ‘from’ danger/risk/disease.

Example 5

She called at her friend.ans: called on

- use called ‘at’ a place ... his friend’s house.

- use called ‘on’ a person -> means to visit.

Agreement Of The Subject And The Verb:

Example 1

Rosy and Sarah is friends.ans: are friends

- use plural verbs for ‘and’.

Example 2

She or he have done well.ans: has done

- when ‘or’ joins two subjects, the verb agrees with the second subject.

She or he is...David or his friends are...My friends or I am...

Example 3

The chief minister as well as his followers are at the meeting.ans: - is
The boys with their teacher are out in the field.ans: - are
The moon along with the stars shine at night.ans: - shines

- when using ‘with / along with / together with / as well as’ the verb should agree with the first subject.

Example 4

Either my neighbour or her children is coming for dinner.ans: are
Neither they nor I were mistaken.ans: was

- when using either-or / neither-nor the verb agrees with the second subject.

Example 5

Each of them are England citizens.ans: is
Everyone of the barrels are full.ans: is
Not one of the boys are doing well.ans: is
One of the boys are missing.ans: is

- sentences using ‘each of / everyone of / one of / not one of’ use the singular form of the verb.

Example 6

None of them have arrived yet.ans: has
None is genuine.ans: are

- None of -> uses singular verb. (has)

- None -> uses plural verb. (are)

Errors In Use Of Pronouns:


One must not reveal his secrets to all.ans: one’s secrets to all

- ‘one’ as a subject should use one’s.

- reason -> ‘one’ does not indicate the gender-where male / female.

Errors In Use Of Conjunctions:

Example 1

As we were late so we apologised.ans: As we were late we apologised.

- use either ‘as’ or ‘so’

- do not use both ‘as ... so’. Each sentence should use only one conjunction.

Example 2

The woman is so poor and she cannot save anyting.ans: The woman is so poor that he cannot save anything.

- use ‘so’ with ‘that...not’.

Example 3

She has been waiting for you since 3 hours.ans: waiting for you since 3 p.m..

- use ‘since’ to denote the starting time of action.

- ‘for’ for calculating time.

waiting for you for 3 hours.

Errors In Use Of Plurals:

Example 1

Much water are wasted.ans: Much water is wasted.

- use ‘is’ - singular verb.

- reason -> ‘much’ is used for uncountable nouns.

Example 2

Many students has turned up for the seminar.ans: Many students have turned up....

- use ‘have’ -> plural verb.

- ‘many’ is used for countable noun.

Learning Competency

Modal auxiliaries Vs Primary auxiliaries
Primary auxiliaries are be, do, have. They are used to form tenses and to frame short answers.
Modal auxiliaries are will, would, may, might, shall, should, can, could, must, dare, need, used, ought. They are used to express moods.