• My Vote For Participle

The Participle

The participle has two forms : present participle, and past participle. Present participle is one of the three forms of non-finite vierbs. It is formed by adding ing with a verb. Past participle is one of the non finite verb forms.

Uses Of Participle

(a) When one subject does 2 actions

The first action -> participle
The second action -> verb

Example Of Participle

He ran fast (1st action). He sweated (2nd action)
Running fast (participle), he sweated (verb)
(b) In the case of 2 subjects


It was a rainy day (1st action). We stayed indoors
It, being a rainy day, we stayed indoors

Its Types

(a) ing :


Father wore his shoes (1st verb). He went for a walk (2nd verb)
Wearing his shoes (participle), Father went for a walk (verb)
(b) Being :

being replaces ‘to be’ forms (i.e.) am, is , are, was, were.


He was smart. He solved the problem
Being smart (participle), he solved the problem (verb)
(b) Having :

having been / verb
having been -> had been
having +verb -> had + verb

e.g. 1

The student had been tried. They sat down
Having been tired, the students sat down

e.g. 2

She had lost her money. She cried
Having lost her money, she cried

Learning Competency

What are phrasal verbs?
Phrasal verbs are verbs that consist of two or three words. The first word is a verb and it is followed by an adverb or a prepositions or both.