Last Updated : 01 Mar 2014


Definition :
The noun phrase which follows the preposition can be called a prepositional complement and the preposition together with its complement is known as a prepositional phrase.

A groups of words used with the force of a single preposition.


Phrase Prepositions
according toin course ofby means of
with the help ofin accordance withwith reference to
because ofin order toinstead of
in respect ofin place ofwith regard to
in addition tofor the sake ofIn spite of
at the top ofin favour ofat the end of
by dint of in consequence of on account of
in front ofby the side ofin the event of
on account ofin case ofin want of
along within need ofowing to
in the habit ofin search ofin the direction of
by virtue of with a view to by way of
with an eye toconformably toalong with
in memory ofin line with on the part of
in the middleat the risk ofat the back of


A phrase Preposition consists of a preposition followed by a prepositional complement. The complement is usually a noun phrase.

1. Preposition + a noun phrase
As usual, her bright smile greeted me at the break fast table
2. Preposition + a noun-clause
She came from what she called a small farm of two hundred acres
3. Preposition + an -ing clause
Ricky tried to shake off his fears by looking at the sky
4. Preposition + an adverb
You can see the station from here

Functions of Phrase Prepositions :

Phrase Prepositions as adverbial
We may need you to do some work in the evening
To my surprise the doctor phoned the next morning
Phrase Prepositions as modifier in a noun phrase
She felt she had no chance of promotion
The noise from the sitting-room was deafening
Phrase Prepositions as verb complement
You mustn’t worry too much about this
Phrase Prepositions as complement of an adjective
I’m terribly bad at dates
Would you be interested in writting an article?


Inspite of
Inspite of his poor health, he worked hard
Inspite of all his wealth he is not happy
Inspite of all my advice he has done this act
Inspite of his being a mere boy, he offered to fight the gaint
He appeared for the examination inspite of his sickness


According to
According to Aristole man is a social animal
He acted according to his father’s advice


On account of
On account of his being late, he will be punished
He was forced to resign his job on account of his poor health
School was closed on account of heavy rain


The hospital building was constructed in line with the latest trends in society
I received a lot of co-operation in life in favour of my mother
He saved the girl at the risk of his life
He applied for leave because of fever
We were paid a large sum of money owing of our services to the company
We must live with noble ideas in memory of great people
Even in course of crisis Sachin remained unfazed


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