Last Updated : 01 Mar 2014

COMPOUND PREPOSITIONS

Definition :
which are generally formed by prefixing a Preposition to a Noun, an Adjective or an Adverb.

e.g

Compound Prepositions
aboveaboutacross
alongamongagainst
afteraroundbetween
beyondbeforebehind
besidebesidesthrough
towardssinceinside
outsidewithinwithout
Definitions of some important Compound prepositions

Above (heigher than)

Above indicates : at a higher place, at a higher level, earlier , negative action, expressions.

e.g

Astronatus work a long way above the surface of the earthheigher than
He was driving above the speed limitscale of measuring
A dark cloud was above the housein or at a higher place
He hanged the picture above the sofaat a higher place
The children in her class are all above averagevalue
His blood pressure is above normalvalue
Please see the instructions aboveearlier
The policeman is above crueltytoo good

 

About (on the topics or subjects)

About indicates : identifies a topic, to get information, not exactly.

e.g

What’s the book about?identifies a topic
What about you?to get information
What’s the time please? It’s about 10approximately
I think that’s about rightapproximately
This website is about prepositionstopic
He often talks about his jobtopic
we will see about that laterto delay a decision
He asked me about my tripto get information

Across (on the other side of)

Across indicates : movement from one side, other side, facing, in every area of, .

e.g

There was no bridge across the riverfrom one side to another
The boy ran across the yardmovement from one side
My friend lives across the streeton the other side of a place
My secretary sits across from meopposite
There is a heat wave all across the countryin every area of

Along (following)

Across indicates : together, movement or place, from one end towards the other end.

e.g

Taxis often come along this streetplace
They rode along the roadtowards the other end
Police walked along with dogs in murder placetogether
He used to sing along with metogether
He walked along the pavementtowards the other end

Among (surrounded by)

Among indicates : with each other, to the individuals in a group.

e.g

A village among lakessurrounded by
They camped in the woods among the treestowards the other end
Divide that money amoung usbetween more than one
The boys quarrelled amoung themselvesbetween more than one / with each other
They distributed the flyers among the studentsto the individuals in a group

Against (in the opposite side to)

Against indicates : touching something for support, touching forcibly, in opposition to, toward a force in the opposite direction.

e.g

He fights against herin the opposite side to
This is against the lawin the opposite side to
The rain beat against the windowtouching forcibly
Our senator voted against that billin opposition to

After (following on)

After indicates : later than, behind.

e.g

I am glad we have met after two yearslater
I am not after moneybehind
He is looking after his own businessfollowing on
After you finish your homework, you can watch televisionfollowing on
The cat ran after the mousebehind

Around (on all sides)

Around indicates : movement in a circular direction in place, following a boundary, in all areas of, on another side of.

e.g

The bank is around the corneron another side of
She must be around twentyfollowing a boundary
The earth revolvs around the sunmovement in a circular direction
There are several trees around my collegein all areas of

Between (in or within two)

Between indicates : separation of two things, a choice of, together.

e.g

There is no issue between ustogether
She must be around twentyfollowing a boundary
The earth revolvs around the sunmovement in a circular direction
There are several trees around my collegein all areas of

Beyond (on the other side of, farther on)

Beyond indicates : past the limits of, later than, more distance after that.

e.g

The house is beyond the hillmore distance after that
That situation is beyond my understandingpast the limits of
David’s behavior is beyond any excusefar awayness
In this town nothing is open beyond ten o’clocklater than

Before (advance, about priority in a sequence)

Before indicates : earlier than, in a more important position than, facing, in the future, in the presence of.

e.g

Christmas comes before New Year’s Dayearlier than
I’ll do my homework before dinnerearlier than
She is so ambitious that she puts her job before her familyin a more important position than
The bride smiled as she thought of the happiness before herin the future
I was told to appear before the judgein the presence of

Behind (in the rear of)

Behind indicates : at the back, less advanced than, left in the past, late, encouraging or supporting.

e.g

He hid behind the doorin the rear of
My car is behind the busin the rear of
My friend sits behind me in classin the rear of
The train is behind schedulelate
He is always behind in his rent paymentslate
The successful man had an ambitious woman behind himsupporting
He is rich now; all his financial problems are behind himleft in the past

Beside (by the side of, near)

Beside indicates : next to .

e.g

There was a tree beside the rivernext to
Why don’t you sit beside meby the side of
He always wastes time at our meetings by talking about things that are beside the pointirrelevant

Besides (in addtion to)

Besides indicates : excepting, apart from.

e.g

Everyone besides me is at the beachexcepting
Besides the captain and the crew, there were twenty passengers on the shipin addtion to
Besides all of my friends, all of their brothers and sisters are there, tooin addtion to

Through (movement)

Through indicates : length of time, passage within , vision beyond something, parts beginning, between, and including, finish something that requires effort.

e.g

The train sped through the tunnelmotion or movement
I cann’t see through windowvision beyond something
The strike continued through the summerlength of time
We came through the front doormotion or movement
Please read from chapter one through chapter fourbetween

Towards (in the direction of)

Towards indicates : near a period of time, moving .

e.g

The train rushed towards the tunnelin the direction of
Water moves towards the poolin the direction of
He threw a stone towards the skyin the direction of
I always feel hungry towards dinnertimenear a period of time
We start getting ready for school towards the end of the summernear a period of time

Since (time up to now)

Towards indicates : length of time.

e.g

Since you have finished your homework, you can help me make dinnelength of time
He has been ill since friday nightlength of time
I didn’t see her since I was 5 years oldtime up to now
I have been leaving here since 1980time up to now
Long since I meet youlength of time

Inside (within)

Inside indicates : indoors, within.

e.g

Is there anybody inside?indoor
The dentist looked inside his mouthwithin
She put the money inside the envelopewithin
The children went inside because it had started to rainindoor

Outside (not within)

Outside indicates : out.

e.g

It’s raining heavily outsidenot within
It will soon be dark outsidenot within
You can play outside after lunchnot within

Within (inside the limits)

Within indicates : length of time, less than a distance, not outside a place, possible, not exceeding the limits of something.

e.g

He will return within a weeklength of time
I live within three miles of the city centreless than a distance
At last, the beach is within sightpossible

Without (not having)

Without indicates : absence of somebody, not using, not performing an action, negative of with.

e.g

The president attended the meeting without his wifenot having, absence
We had to cook without gasnot using
She can't read without her glassesnot using
He left without saying good-byenot performing an action
No entry without permissionnot having
Please meet your doctor without failabsence

 

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