Last Updated : 23 Aug 2015

 

PARTS OF SPEECH

Look at the following sentences and find the words with different grammatical functions.

e.g.

There is a drop in the prices of pulses
Do not drop the waste here
See how the word ‘drop’ is used as a noun in the first sentence and as a verb in the second sentence. the same word is used with different grammatical functions. A number of words have different grammatical functions in different contexts with different meaning.

INTERCHANGE OF PARTS OF SPEECH

The following prefixes or suffixes at the beginning or end or the word determine whether they are Verbs, Nouns, Adjectives or Adverbs.

e.g.

Verb Noun Adjective Adverb
en- -ment -able -ly
im- -ness -ible
-es -tion -ive
-ed -sion -ful
-ire/ize -ance -al
-fy -cy -ant
-en -ity -ic
-ate -th -ave
-ish -ce -ent
-dom -ant
-ship -ar
-hood -ing
-er/or -y
Some Important words can be changed into all the four forms.

e.g.

VerbNounAdjectiveAdverb
devotedevotee, devotiondevoted, devotional devotedly, devotionally
contructconstructionconstructive constructively
harmonisedharmonyharmonious harmoniously
sensedsensesensitive, sensible sensitively, sensibly
possesspossessionspossessive possessively
reflectreflection, reflectivenessreflective reflectively
astonishedastonishmentastonishing astonishingly
integrateintegrationintegral integrally
fanciedfancyfanciful fancifully
imposeimpositionimposing imposingly
bondedbondbonded, bonding bonding
stylizedstylestylish stylishly
expertiseexpertness, expertexpert expertly
symbolisesymbolsymbolic, symbolical symbolically
proportionedproportionproportionate proportionately
marvelledmarvelmarvellous marvellously
architecturedarchitecturearchitectural architecturally
managemanagementmanageable manageably
restrictrestrictionrestrictive, restricted restrictively
directeddirectiondirect directly
exciteexcitementexcited excitedly
formformationformative formatively
speeded, spedspeedspeedy speedily
exceedexcessexcessive excessively
confuseconfusionconfusing confusingly
attractattractionattractive attractively
endangerdangerdangerous dangerously
noticenoticenoticeable noticeably
varyvariation, varietyvarious variedly
stressedstressstressful stressfully
economieseconomyeconomic, economical economically
relaterelation, relativityrelative relatively
systematizesystemsystematic, systemic systematically
initiateinitiationinitiative initiatively
presistpresistencepresistent presistently
brutalisebrutalitybrutal brutally
includeinclusioninclusive inclusively
dirtieddirtdirty dirtily
trimphedtriumphtriumphant triumphantly
reducereductionreducible, reductive reducibly, reductively
diminishdiminutiondiminishable diminutively
facedfacefacial facially
functionedfunction, functioningfunctioning functionally
tensedtensiontensed tensely
unsustainedunsustainanceunsustainable unsustainably
tastedtaste, tastefulnesstasty, tasteful tastefully
remediedremedyremedial remedially
acquiesceacquiescenceacquiescent acquiescently
sophisticatesophisticationsophisticate sophistically
reverereverencereverential reverentially
obeyobedienceobedient obediently
regardedregardregardful regardfully
forcedforceforcible forcibly
dependdependencedependent dependently
securesecuritysecured securely
devotedevotiondevotional devotionally
sufficesufficiencesufficient sufficiently
authoriseauthorityauthoritative authoritatively
definedefinitiondefinite definitely
comparecomparisoncomparative comparatively
enrichrichesrich, richer richly
informinformationinfromative informatively
amazedamazementamazing amazingly
pitiedpitypiteous piteously
delighteddelightdelightful delightfully
popularizepopularitypopular popularly
wonderedwonderwonderful worderfully
expectexpectationexpectant expectantly
neededneed, needyneedful needfully
amuseamusementamusing amusingly
lavishedlavishnesslavish lavishly
believebelief, believerbelievable believably
particularizeparticular, particularityparticular particularly
sensedsensesensible sensibly
respondresponseresponsive responsively
communecommunitycommunal communally
actaction, actactive actively
briefbrevitybrief briefly
relaterelevancerelevant relavantly
completedcompletioncomplete completely
practisepracticepractical practically
meanmeaningmeaningful meaningfully
expressexpressionexpressive expressively
commercializecommercecommercial commercially
concludeconclusionconclusive conclusively
necessitatenecessitynecessary necessarily
spiritedspiritspiritual spiritually
focusedfocusfocal focally
createcreation, creatorcreative creatively
visualisevision, visionaryvisual visually
torturedtorturetorturous torturously
warmedwarmthwarm warmly
energiesenergyenergetic energetically
famedfamefamous famously
specifyspecificationspecific, specifiable specifically
sympathisesympathysympathetic sympathetically
composecomposercomposed composedly
figuredfigurefigurative figuratively
observeobservanceobservable observably
relaterelationshiprelative relatively
fascinatefascinationfascinating fascinatingly
engageangagementengaging engagingly
entertainentertainmententertaining entertainingly
clearclarityclear clearly
lovedlovelovable lovingly
thinkthoughtthoughtful thoughtfully
decidedecisiondecisive decisively
appreciateappreciationappreciative appreciatively
fearedfearfearful fearfully

 

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