Last Updated : 28 Jan 2014.

THE NOUN

(1.Common noun, 2. Proper noun, 3.Collective noun, 4.Abstract noun, 5.Material noun)
Definition :
A noun is a word, it is used as the name of a person, animal, place, bird, idea, emotion or thing.

For example boy , girl, table, chair, peacock, honesty, happiness, wisdom, book etc.,

e.g.

PersonDavid, Sister, Woman, Brother
Place Chennai, London, Delhi, Maxico
AnimalTiger, Elephant, Lion, Deer
BirdParrot, Crow, Swan, Peacock
EmotionHappiness, Sadness, Thought, Toy
Thing Pen, Book, Computer, Pencil
Types of nouns
NOUNS ARE NAMING words. They identify people, things or place in our world. Nouns come in six different forms: proper, common, abstract, concrete, collective, and compound.

Further, the nouns can be classified into two major types as : countable and uncountable nouns.

 

1. Common noun :

Definition :
A common noun is a name given in common to every person or thing of the same class of kind.

These common nouns are words for things.

e.g.

chairbicycletelevision
hammer laddercomputer
axecalculatorcooker
sawcrayonsbook
couragerulerprinter
laziness lawnmowerdictionary

These common nouns are words for animals.

e.g.

catkittenlion
dog puppytiger
horsefoalelephant
goatkidwhale
frogtadpolekangaroo
sheep lambbear

These common nouns are words for places.

e.g.

airporthosteltemple
universityhotelmosque
stadiumbankschool
parklibrarycollege
farmtheaterpost office
zoomallpolice station

These common nouns are words for people who do certain things.

e.g.

artistteacherpolice officer
singerheadmasterplumber
dancermanagerdriver
directordoctorwriter
magicianlawyerfarmer
artistclerkfriend
 

 

2. Proper noun :

Definition :
A proper noun is the name of some particular person, place, thing, particular event, or group. This proper noun begins with a capital letter. If the noun is nonspecific, that is, the noun refers to a general idea and not a specific person, place, or thing, it is usually not a proper noun, so it it not capitalized.

e.g.

SpecificNonspecific
World war IIA war
English classA class
The American Bar AssociationThe association

These people’s names are proper nouns.

e.g.

AladdinMuhammad Ali Dad
Harry PotterGeorge WashingtonMom
Mahatma GandhiHitlerGranny
Santa ClausNelson MandelaUncle David
ConfuciusJayalalithaMiss Park
Alex RodriguezJacky chanMr.Raj

The names of the days of the week and the months of the year are proper nouns.

e.g.

days of the weekmonths
SundayJanuaryAugust
MondayFebruary September
TuesdayMarchOctober
WednesdayAprilNovember
ThursdayMayDecember
FridayJune
SaturdayJuly

The names of special days and celebrations are also proper nouns.

e.g.

New Year’s DayDewali
Valentine’s DayRamadan
Independece DayChristmas
Labour DayMemorial Day
Falg DayThanksgiving
Republic DayVeteran’s Day

The names of famous places, buildings and monuments are proper nouns.

e.g.

The Taj MahalThe Statue of Liberty
The Eiffel TowerChaco Canyon Pueblo
The Golden Gate Bridgethe Leaning Tower of Pisa
Labour DayGraceland
The Great Wall of ChinaBuckingham Palace

The names of people who live in a particular country are also proper nouns.

e.g.

CountryPeople
Afghanistan Afghans
Australia Australians
Britainthe British
GermanyGermans
USA Americans
IndiaIndians

3. Collective noun :

Definition :
i) A collective noun is a name of a number (collection) of persons or things taken together and spoken of as one whole as:
Crowd, mob, team, flock, herd, army, fleet, jury, family, nation, parliament, committee.

ii) Nouns that refer to a specific group of persons or things are called Collective Nouns.

These are nouns for groups of people. Here are some collective nouns for groups of people.

e.g.

a family a committee
a communitya company
a banda gang
a choir the government
an audiencethe army

Many collective nouns can be used with a singular or plural verb.

e.g.

  • The crowd was orderly.
  • The people were clapping, yelling and cheering.

Here are more collective nouns we can use for groups of people.

e.g.

A crowd of peopleAn army of soldiers
a panel of judgesA tem of players
a class of schoolchildrena company of actors
a gang of thievesa band of musicians

Many groups of animals have their own special collective nouns.

e.g.

a brood of chickensa litter of puppiesa school of fish
a flock of birdsa pack of wolvesa swarm of bees
a drove of sheepa pride of lionsa troop of monkeys
a herd of cattlea pod of dolphinsa gaggle of geese

Some groups of things also have their own special collective nouns.

e.g.

a bunch of bananasa deck of cardsa fleet of vehicles
a bunch of flowera cluster of grapesa suite of rooms
a bunch of keysa grove of trees a suite of furniture
a bouquet of flowera fleet of shipsa set of tools

Some nouns name the amount or form of something.

e.g.

a loaf of breada bar of soapa bar of chocolate

The words a piece of mean a single serving or part of something.

e.g.

a slice/piece of breada slice/piece of cheesea sheet/piece of paper
a piece/square of chocolatea piece of chalka piece of advice

4. Abstract noun :

Definition :
An abstract noun is usually the name of a feelings, ideas, action, state and characteristics, or qualities considered apart from the object to which it belongs as.

Most abstract nouns end with these suffixes:

e.g.

-ism-ment -ity
nationalismargument personality
-tion-ship-ence
aggravationfriendshipsilence

This abstract noun cannot be seen, heard, touched or tasted but it can only be felt by our sense. The abstract noun is not visible.

e.g.

Qualitywiseness, goodness, kindness, whiteness, darkness, honesty, wisdom, bravery
Actionquarreling, jog, laughter, theft, movement, judgement, hatred
Statepoverty, childhood, boyhood, manhood, youth, slavery, sleep, death

For example, we cannot be 'happiness' but we can feel that in our heart or mind. The names of the subject of study (e.g. grammar, music, chemistry, etc.) are also Abstract Nouns.

(i) Concrete nouns :
in opposite to abstract noun, the concrete nouns can be seen or touched by us.

e.g.

building iron steelgold
(ii) Countable nouns :
(countables) are the names of objects, people, etc. that we can count. And they have their own singular and plural forms.

e.g.

book apple doctorhorse
books apples doctorshorses
(iii) Uncountable nouns :
(uncountables) are the names of things which we cannot count, e.g. milk, oil, sugar, gold, honesty.

The uncountable nouns generally refer to

e.g.

drinkscoffee, teamaterials wood, glass, gold, silver
liquidsmilk, oil, petrolgames cricket, tennis, football
gasesair, oxygen

Countable nouns have plural forms while uncountable nouns do not. Even the abstract nouns are also uncountable nouns.
For example, we say boys but we cannot say oils.

 

5. Material noun :

Definition :
There are the raw elements or objects existing in nature.

e.g.

IronGoldStonesBrass
AluminiumMercuryPlasticMat

 

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