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Subordinating Conjunctions

Subordinating, or subordinate, conjunctions join clauses that are not equal in grammatical weight, with the subordinating conjunction linking the smaller, subordinate clause to the larger, main clause structure..

Subordinate clauses begin with connectives, or "joining words," called subordinating conjunctions. A subordinating conjunction always precedes its subordinate clause. The chief Subordinating conjunctions are :


Subordinating Conjunctions
afterhowso that
although if than
as in case that
as if in order that though
as long as in as much as till
as much as just in case unless
as soon as lest until/til
as though like when
because now that whenever
before once where
by the time only if whereas
even if provided (that) wherever
even though rather than whether
every time since while
Subordinating conjunctions indicate the following relationships:

Subordinating Conjunctions Of Time

The conjunctions after, as, as long as, as soon as, before, until, since, when, while are used to say when something happens. They are called conjunctions of time.


As we approached, the deer was startled
After he had done his duty, he felt happy
Take the toy out of the box before you throw the box away
As soon as you’ve finished your homework, let me see i
I’ll call you when I get home
Father watches TV while he does his exercises
People stand back as the train goes through the station

Subordinating Conjunctions Of Place

The conjunctions where and wherever are used to talk about places. They are called Subordinating conjunctions of place.


She found a great spot where she could read quietly
Put it where we can all see it
The dog follows Rosy wherever she goes

Subordinating Conjunctions Of Reason

The conjunctions although, because, for, once, in as much as, since, as , though, why, and in case tell why someone does something. They are called Subordinating conjunctions of reason.


She wanted an answer because she had to leave
Although he wanted to say yes, he couldn’t
As you’re my best friend, I’ll lend you my new bike

Subordinating Conjunctions Of Purpose

The conjunctions so, so that, such that and in order to tell what the purpose of something is. They are called Subordinating conjunctions of purpose.


She raised her hand so that he could see her
We eat that we may live
She goes jogging every morning in order to keep fit

Subordinating Conjunctions Of Condition

The conjunctions except, if, once, though, unless, without are called Subordinating conjunctions of condition.


You don't want it unless someone else has it
Unless you work hard, you cannot get good result
If he buys the book, he will read it

Subordinating Conjunctions Of Comparison

as, as far as, as much as, as well as, else, otherwise, rather, than (Than only when it follows comparative adverbs or adjectives or the words else, rather, other, or otherwise.) are called Subordinating conjunctions of comparison.

Example Sentences

London is larger than any other city in England
As far as my lapdog is concerned, yes
Are cats more independent than dogs?

Learning Competency

Skills involved in Note-talking
Listening and writing down the bare essentials of the talk are the two skills involved in Note - talking.