• My Vote For Participle

1. Present Participle As A Verb

The present participle does not give a clear idea about the time of action. It may refer to past, future, or present depending on the auxiliary verb used before it.
Present Participle is used as a main verb in the continuous sentence.

Examples Of Verb

I was writing the examination. Past continuous tense, and the participle is writing
I am writing the examinaitonPresent continuous and the participle is writing

2. Present Participle As An Adjective

Examples Of Adjective

This is our dining table

Here, the participle, dinning qualifies the noun table and thus acts as an adjective.


I lost my walking stick
I bought a new washing machine
I worked in a spinning mill
I know how the grinding machine works

We have seen that participles qualify nouns or pronouns. They may be used.

a) Attributively


His tattered coat needs mending
A rolling stone gathers no moss
b) Predicatively


He kept me waiting
As Only A Participle


On reading the newspaper, he learnt about his loss in his business
Coming to the point, the manager ended the meeting
As A Gerundial Noun


Walking is good for health
Reading is good for knowledge
Working is good for progress
As A Verbal Noun


The building I bought is very costly
The meeting gave me a nice experience
Picasa’s painting is world famous
Note : We generally do not use ing with the following words.



All these words are called non-conclusive verbs which say only about the quality of our thoughts but not actions

Learning Competency

Modal auxiliaries Vs Primary auxiliaries
Primary auxiliaries are be, do, have. They are used to form tenses and to frame short answers.
Modal auxiliaries are will, would, may, might, shall, should, can, could, must, dare, need, used, ought. They are used to express moods.