(1.Nominative, 2.Objective or Accusative, 3.Possessive or Genitive, 4.Vocative or Nominative of Address, 5.Dative)
The Case of a noun can be classified into FIVE.

1. Nominative Case

Definition :
A noun or a pronoun, when it is used as the SUBJECT OF A VERB, it is said to be in the Nominative Case.


He bought a book

In the given example ‘He’ is the subject. It is the answer to the question who bought the book? “Bought the book?” is the Predicate and it contains the Verb ‘Bought’. So the noun ‘He’ is said to be in the Nominative Case.


Jems was a SingerProper Noun
Stars shine at nightCommon Noun
Platinum is very preciousMaterial Noun
The army advancedCollective Noun


Note :To find the Nominative Case ask the question WHO or WHAT to the verb

2. Objective or Accusative Case

Definition :
A noun or a pronoun, when it is used as the OBJECT OF A VERB, it is said to be in the OBJECTIVE CASE.


John killed a dog.

In the given example ‘A dog’ is teh answer to the question ‘What did John kill’? Therefore the noun ‘dog’ is called the OBJECT and it is said in the Objective Case.


Jems broke the doorCommon Noun
He saw teh crowdCollective Noun
We went to LondonProper Noun
Dhoni sold all his GoldMaterial Noun


Note : To find the Objective or Accusative Case put WHOM or WHAT before the verb and its object.

3. Prossessive or Genitive Case

Definition :
A noun or a pronoun, when it is used to show owenership or possession, authority, origin, kind etc.,

It is said to be in the Possessive or Genitive Case.


This is John’s bike.

When the noun is Singular, the Possessive Case is formed by adding ‘S’ (apostrophe S) to the noun and when it is ‘S’ ending Plural by adding an apostrophe after the ‘S’ (S’)


MyMineParentsParents’ Day

4. Vocative Case or Nominative Case

Definition :
When the noun is the name of a person SPOKEN TO or ADDRESSED, it is said to be in the Vocative case or we call its case, the Nominative of address
Sit down, Peter


Note : Here Peter is addressed.

Dative Case

Definition :
When a noun indicates the indirect object of the verb - generally, ‘GIVE’ it is said to be in the Dative Case.
David gave Mirza a pen

In the above sentence David was the person to whom Mirza gave a pen. The Indirect object of a verb denotes the person to whome something is given or for whom something is done.

Mirza bought Sachin a letter.Get Sachin an umbrella.

Learning Competency

What are phrasal verbs?
Phrasal verbs are verbs that consist of two or three words. The first word is a verb and it is followed by an adverb or a prepositions or both.