Last Updated : 23 Aug 2015

THE VERB

Definition:
A verb is an action or express word. It indicates the action or express in the present, past and future tenses.

THE PRINCIPAL PARTS OF VERBS

Verbs have four principal parts of verbs or fundamental forms that are used to create a tense

e.g.

PresentPastPast ParticiplePresent Participle
abandonabandonedabandonedabandoning
acceptacceptedacceptedaccepting
gowentgonegoing
taketooktakentaking
becomebecamebecamebecoming
cutcutcutcutting
readreadreadreading
completecompletedcompletedcompleting
deletedeleteddeleteddeleting

AGREEMENT OF THE VERB WITH THE SUBJECT

Definition:
A verb must agree with its Subject in Number and Person. When we use a verb, we have to say who or what is doing the action. This ‘who or what’ is the subject of the verb. The subject and the verb agree when they match each other.
Singular Verb

Use a singular verb if the subject is a singular noun.

e.g.

John goes to officeShe eats a mango
The poet composes poetryThey build a temple

This form of the verb is called the third person singular. You use it when the subject of the verb is not you or the person you are speaking to, but some other person - a third person - or a thing. The third person singular verbs that end in ‘s

e.g.

RunsWaitsGoesRings

e.g.

My uncle and guardian has comeMom and Dad love us
Plural Verb

Use a plural verb if the subject is a plural noun. Do not add s, es or ies to plural verbs. Plural verbs are also used with the pronouns I, we, you and they.

e.g.

My brothers listen to music a lotSome people drink coffee
The stars shine brightly on a clear nightSome children learn very fast
I listen to music a lotWe drink tea on every day
You eat wellThey build a temple

The Verb gives us what people, animals or things are doing. It has six basic verb forms :

 

The Six Basic Verb Forms

e.g.

Base Formwalkgo
Presentwalk / walksgo / goes
Pastwalkedwent
Infinitiveto walkto go
Present Participlewalkinggoing
Past ParticipleWalkedgone
Base Form
The base form is the source for the present, infinitive, and past participle of the verb.
 
Present :

This refers to something that is existing or happening now or happens routinely.

e.g.

I do my homework daily
He goes to temple

The main difference between the present and base forms is that the third-person singular present form adds -s or -es to the base form of the verb;

 
Past :

This form of a verb is used to indicate that something has already been completed.

e.g.

I did my homeworkHe went to temple
 
Infinitive :

The infinitive of a verb consists of to 1 its base form.

e.g.

to buyto getto go
 
Past Participle:

This is formed by regular verbs or irregular verbs. It is used with the helping verb such as has, have or had.

e.g.

I have completed my homework
She has come home
 
Present Participle:

This is formed by adding -ing to the end of present verbs. It is used with forms of the verb to be, such as am, is, are, was, or were. This expresses an ongoing action

e.g.

I am going to school
He is playing cricket

The verbs of a simple sentence

Verb is a core of every sentence. Without verb, a group of words is only a fragment of a sentence instead of a complete sentence. Even if a sentence contains only one word, that word must be a verb:

e.g.

Run!Wait!Go!Ring!

Every verb must have a subject, expressed or understood. The subject of a verb is to assert something about its subject that is, to tell what the subject does (did, will do) or that the subject is (was, will be) something.

 
Subject + verb

e.g.

SubjectVerb
Horseeats

This sentence consists of one clause. The clause has two parts, a Subject and a Verb. But this is not a complete sentence.

 
Subject + verb + object

e.g.

SubjectVerbObject
Horseeatsgrass

The object of a clause is normally comes after the verb. This sentence is a complete sentence. The grass is clearly affected by the action of eating

 

 

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