Last Updated : 28 Jan 2014

THE PRONOUN

(1. Personal Pronoun, 2. Reflexive Pronoun, 3. Emphatic Pronoun, 4. Demonstrative Pronoun, 5. Relative Pronoun, 6. Interrogative Pronoun, 7. Indefinite Pronoun, 8. Distributive Pronoun)
Definition :
A pronoun is a word used instead of a common noun or a proper noun. The word pronoun means for a noun and it called a noun’s deputy.

"Pro" + "noun" typically means "in place, of, instead of" a noun or a noun phrase. Pronouns, then, replace nouns (David met Joe; he [Joe] talked for an hour) and can also refer back to nouns (David is absent, because he is ill).

CASE

Nominative Case
IWeYou
HeSheIt
They
Accusative Case
MeUsYou
HimHerThem
It
Instrumental Case
With meBy me
With youBy you
With himBy him
With herBy her
With itBy it
With usBy us
With youBy you
With themBy them
Dative Case
To meTo usTo you
To himTo herTo them
To it
Ablative Case
From meFrom usFrom you
From himFrom From herFrom them
From it
Genitive Case
MyOurYour
HisHerTheir
It
Locative Case
in me with me
in you with you
in him with him
in her with her
in it with it
in us with us
in you with you
in them with them
What is a noun phrase?
A noun phrase includes a noun and all of its modiļ¬ers. These modifiers include determiners and adjectives
Noun Phrase + VerbPronoun + Verb
Tom eatsHe reads
The little boy eats

The Noun ‘Tom’ and ‘boy’ is replaced by the Pronoun ‘he

 

PRONOUN TAKES the place of a noun in a sentence when the noun repeated more than once.

e.g.
IncorrectCall David. I must speak to David.
CorrectCall David. I must speak to him.
More Definition :
The noun represented by a pronoun is called its antecedent. The word ante means "before," and cede means "come." So the literal meaning of antecedent is "comes before." Usually, the antecedent comes before the pronoun in a sentence.

Pronouns ahve masculine and feminine gender, singular and plural forms and have nominative, possessive and objectives cases

 
Pronouns are used as performers/subjects or as words which receive action.

e.g.

PERFORMER / SUBJECT PRONOUNSPRONOUNS WHICH RECEIVE ACTION
Ime
weyou
youthem
hehis
sheher
itit
theyhim
whowhom

Types of Pronouns by Function

More Definition :
There are several different types of pronouns, each type serving a different function in the sentence.

1. Subject Pronouns

Definition :
Pronouns that are found to the left of the main verb are called subject pronouns because they tell us who or what the doer of the verb is, or who or what is described by the verb.
Subject Pronouns
SingularPlural
Iwe
youyou
hethey
she
it

2. Object Pronouns

Definition :
Object pronouns are another type of pronoun. These are pronouns that replace nouns or noun phrases in object position in the sentence. Object position means that the noun or noun phrase receives the action of the verb.
PhraseFunction
The boy readsnoun phrase in subject position
Boy readssubject pronoun
The boy reads booksnoun phrase in object position

1. The boy is the subject of the verb reads. The noun phrase The boy answers the question Who reads?, a question that helps tell us who (or what) the subject of the verb is.

2. Since The boy is in subject position and refers to a single male person, the subject pronoun she can replace The boy

3. Books is the object of the verb reads. The words books answers the question What does the boy (or he) read?, a question that helps tell us what (or who) the object of the verb is.

Following is a list of the most common pronouns:

SingularPluralBoth Singular and Plural
I, mewe, usany
she, hertheynone
he, himthemall
itthesemost
anyonethosemore
eithersomewho
eachthatwhich
many abothwhat
nothingourselvesyou
oneany
anothermany
everythingfew
mineseveral
his, hersothers
this
that
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