Non-defining relative clause Non-defining relative clauses are placed after nouns which are definite already. The adjective clause which does not define the noun before it but gives additional information about the noun is called the non-defining relative clause.
A pronoun is a word used instead of a common noun or a proper noun. The word pronoun means for a noun and it called a noun’s deputy.
"Pro" + "noun" typically means "in place, of, instead of" a noun or a noun phrase. Pronouns, then, replace nouns (David met Joe; he [Joe] talked for an hour) and can also refer back to nouns (David is absent, because he is ill).
What is a noun phrase?
A noun phrase includes a noun and all of its modiﬁers. These modifiers include determiners and adjectives
Noun Phrase + Verb
Pronoun + Verb
The little boy eats
The Noun ‘Tom’ and ‘boy’ is replaced by the Pronoun ‘he’
PRONOUN TAKES the place of a noun in a sentence when the noun repeated more than once.
Call David. I must speak to David.
Call David. I must speak to him.
More Definition :
The noun represented by a pronoun is called its antecedent. The word ante means "before," and cede means "come." So the literal meaning of antecedent is "comes before." Usually, the antecedent comes before the pronoun in a sentence.
Pronouns ahve masculine and feminine gender, singular and plural forms and have nominative, possessive and objectives cases
Pronouns are used as performers/subjects or as words which receive action.
PERFORMER / SUBJECT PRONOUNS
PRONOUNS WHICH RECEIVE ACTION
Types of Pronouns by Function
More Definition :
There are several different types of pronouns, each type serving a different function in the sentence.
1. Subject Pronouns
Pronouns that are found to the left of the main verb are called subject pronouns because they tell us who or what the doer of the verb is, or who or what is described by the verb.
2. Object Pronouns
Object pronouns are another type of pronoun. These are pronouns that replace nouns or noun phrases in object position in the sentence. Object position means that the noun or noun phrase receives the action of the verb.
The boy reads
noun phrase in subject position
The boy reads books
noun phrase in object position
1. The boy is the subject of the verb reads. The noun phrase The boy answers the question Who reads?, a question that helps tell us who (or what) the subject of the verb is.
2. Since The boy is in subject position and refers to a single male person, the subject pronoun she can replace The boy
3. Books is the object of the verb reads. The words books answers the question What does the boy (or he) read?, a question that helps tell us what (or who) the object of the verb is.